Landmark National Museum building closes for five-year long reconstruction

Visualisation of the National Museum reconstruction

The historic National Museum building at the top of Prague’s Wenceslas Square will close its doors on Thursday for five years of major renovations – the first in the site’s 120-year-long history. When it reopens in June 2016, the museum should offer visitors a whole new experience. On Thursday, hundreds of people used the valuable opportunity to visit the museum for one last time.

Photo: CTK
At 10 o’clock on Thursday morning, the main door of the National Museum’s historic building opened for visitors who had one last chance to have a look inside before it closes for five years of renovation. It is affected by heavy passing traffic and was twice damaged by fighting in the nearby streets in 1945 and 1968. But the museum’s interiors aren’t much better off; Jaroslav Pavlík from the National Museum says they are in bad need of repair, too.

“We have problems with the outside façade. Also, the building no longer complies with present-day hygienic and fire-fighting regulations so we need to renovate the structure not only on the outside but also inside, all the piping, wiring, and so on.”

Photo: CTK
Hundreds of people took advantage of the last day the main building was open and came to see its prehistoric, zoological and other exhibits. In the room with minerals exhibits on the museum’s first floor, I caught up with Marcela Tymichová.

“I’m between jobs right now, and I heard on the radio that today is the last day. I’m interested in minerals, so I wanted to see this collection before it’s closed.”

National Museum building
For many Czechs, the National Museum building is more than a museum. Built at a time when Czechs did not have a country of their own, it became a symbol of the nation’s yearning for freedom and independence. Eighty-three-year old Mr Vágner, who would not disclose his first name, told me he came to say goodbye.

“I come here every year on the 28th of October, the Czech independence day. Today, I wanted to say goodbye to the building because I’m an elderly man, and I might not live to see it renovated. I’m a Czechoslovak patriot, and I will miss it.”

Former Federal Parliament,  a part of the National Museum
The renovation means some seven million items had to be removed to the museum’s depositories in what has been dubbed the biggest moving of museum collections in Czech history. When the work is finished, the museum plans to set up the exhibitions in a modern way, and will also make it possible for visitors to walk to nearby building of the former Federal Parliament, a part of the National Museum since 2006. Jaroslav Pavlík again.

“It will be totally different. There are two open spaces in the centre of the building that will be covered with glass roofs to make two large exposition halls. The new building and the historic building will connected by an underground passage.

Visualisation of the National Museum reconstruction
“Also, the exhibitions will be set up differently, not like today when they are divided into mammals and other species. They will be integrated to show how the animals live together in the wild.”

Before that happens, the National Museum will offer a number of exhibitions in other venues around Prague. For more details, go to