Jiri Dedecek on PEN, politics, and pathos
Today’s guest on One on One is Jiri Dedecek – singer, political activist, Czech PEN club president, and translator. Mr Dedecek is perhaps best known for his translations from Russian and French into Czech. One of his most recent projects was translating the songs of Jacques Brel and Vladimir Vysockij for the ballet ‘Solo for Three’, which premiered at the National Theatre in Prague in May of this year. I caught up with Jiri Dedecek in his expansive office above the National Library, in Prague’s Clementinum.
“We have club activities here, on Thursdays, for example, we invite our members to come and listen to lectures. As you can see, we have a stage for readings. And our task since the revolution is in general to uphold freedom of expression.”
Does the PEN club still have a purpose in this modern, democratic age?
I know that you are learning English right now, and I wondered if you had any plans to start translating English prose, and English songs, into Czech?
“I have, oddly, translated occasionally some English lyrics in the past. I translated, I remember Randy Newman’s ‘Have you seen my Baby in the Avenue?’ (‘Kdo videl mou holku v blizkem okoli’). You can hear that I tried to translate the rhythm of the song as well.
“Normally I find that I am able to translate from English, despite not knowing so much English. Because for good translation into your maternal language, the most important thing is the knowledge of your own language, not of the foreign language. For the foreign language you have dictionaries and the internet and many things to help you. Of course, sometimes you have to ask native speakers for advice. But the art of translation is the art of your maternal language, first and foremost, I think.”
You do a lot of translation of songs from French. There is a real sense of ‘la pathetique’, or pathos in some French songs which you don’t find so often in Czech singer songwriters’ work – if at all. Do French songwriters have something that Czechs just don’t?
“Here’s an example: In France, on November 11 – they commemorate Armistice Day. And many, many people assemble in the town square, and they read the names of all of the people killed in the First World War.
“I was in the town Vousiers, up in the mountains, in the Ardennes. And there were 220 names on the memorial. The mayor read all of these names, and everybody stood still and paid attention for about 40 minutes while he read. At the end they sang the Marseillaise. Nobody laughed, nobody got bored and walked off. Everybody was really moved. I tried to imagine the same situation in some Czech village, in some Czech town, and it is completely impossible, really.”
Czech singer songwriters might not be masters of the pathetic or the pathos-filled, but there is a very healthy singer songwriter scene here in the Czech Republic right now. I was wondering if you heard anyone’s songs at the moment and you just thought ‘wow, that’s good’?
“Of course, there are many songwriters I like. Vladimir Merta is the master of masters – I think he is one of the best in the world. Unfortunately, he was born in the Czech Republic and so he sings and speaks Czech. But really, it is fabulous what he can do with his guitar and his voice.
“Then I like many songs by Jaromir Nohavica. Many of his songs are in fact quite filled with pathos, but it’s a Czech form of pathos. And this form is a little bit reserved. It is not so open as Brel’s was.”
To change the subject completely, you have been in recent years very much involved with the Czech Green Party. I was wondering if you could tell me a bit about this?
“And after two or three weeks, he told me I could help the Green Party more than that. Because they had no candidate for the Vysocina region, and that is where I have my country home – so I already had some connection to the region. So that was how I became the Green Party’s no.1 in Vysocina. And I was very happy because the people were really great and we worked really hard. From 0.4% we went up to 4.98% or something like that.
“But, from the very beginning I knew that I could never be a member of parliament. Because for that, the Green Party would have needed something like 13% of the vote. I have up until now been very, very satisfied with everything the Green Party has been doing. I like the party, and I don’t regret any of this time, or any of this work.”