Andrej Babiš: the divisive central figure in Czech politics
If the current Czech parliamentary elections are encapsulated by one person, it’s undoubtedly Andrej Babiš with his party for months tipped to win and the ANO leader seen as the mostly likely prime minister. He’s a personality that clearly leaves few Czechs unmoved, for or against.
There’s little doubt that, in or out of office, the 63 year old Slovak born businessman has been the dominant figure on the Czech political scene over the last four years thanks to his divisive character and abrasive style and the fact he still dominates the party, or movement as he prefers to call it, he created in 2011.
Then he signed up personalities from across the political spectrum, many disconnected or disenchanted with the traditional parties. Babiš added film and tv and media names and splashed out on a massive campaign for the 2013 parliamentary elections. The results made ANO the second biggest force in a transformed political landscape and left the traditional parties in shock.
Going into a largely lacklustre parliamentary campaign for the 200 seat Czech lower house, it’s clear that love him or hate him, Babiš is still very much the main political factor and personality in deciding who voters will back.
Sixty-two year old Lenka from Prague says this time, like last, she will vote for Andrej Babiš and ANO and declares most of her friends and family will do likewise:
"I would say that he’s put this republic back on its feet again."
"I would say that he’s put this republic back on its feet again. He has ensured a lot of new finances which previous governments didn’t seem to be able to do. And we pensioners have got sums of money that we never got from those previous governments."
Babiš, she says, gets to the point and gets things done.
Fifth-one year old Martin says Babiš and the anti-immigrant candidate, Tomio Okamura, were the main negative figures in the electoral campaign:
He adds that Babiš as a Slovak should not be in Czech elections and that he has introduced too much state control, in part through the obligation on businesses to introduce electronic cash registers.
Few would disagree that Babiš, his past and his present, are very divisive. And where he is concerned, few are left sitting on the fence. And the ANO leader himself appears pretty much to see the world in black or white. You are a supporter or opponent, friend or enemy. Put simply, there doesn’t appear to be room for any shades of grey.
Sometimes Babiš seems to simply enjoy stirring things up, such as when he told a meeting in Prague of the Alliance of European Liberals and Democrats attended by leader, Guy Verhofstadt, that he understood why the British had voted to leave the European Union. Verhofstadt is a high profile pro-European. Differences over Europe have also caused an open rift between the MEP once profiled as ANO’s foreign affairs expert, Pavel Telička.
Most of the scandals, with the notable exception of that over police reorganisation, that have shaken the three-way government coalition of Social Democrats, ANO, and Christian Democrats can be traced back to Babiš, including the Stork’s Nest Affairs over alleged fraudulent use of EU funds which caused him to quit as finance minister and the government to limp on until the elections. Or there’s the allegations over his alleged past as a communist era secret police, a claim that was first rebuffed but now returned thanks to different court rulings.
"I know well that the state should be run like a family firm."
Although, at the summit of the Czech political scene for four years as leader of the second biggest party in the lower house, deputy prime minister, and finance minister; Andrej Babiš still likes to view himself and his party as outsiders. It’s a label that his nominee as European Commissioner, Věra Jourová, says has already past its sell by date.
"The government must be a team. It must cooperate with regional governors and mayors. And a solution should be found in one place. To create this order there must be deadlines, there must be names, there must be targets. That is how family businesses work. And I know well that the state should be run like a family firm."
"When you talk to him close up, there’s no doubt that he has charisma. You can imagine the impact when he goes round Bohemian and Moravian districts and villages and goes to the pub and restaurants and has a drink with them. For some of them it must seem the event of a lifetime."
Babiš describes his entry into politics as a reluctant one, to sort out a mess that others had left behind. And he warns that he is prepared to return to business and private life if he fails to become prime minister this time round. It’s a threat some political experts says he’s unlikely to fulfil.