Will Czech parliament vote to host part of US missile defence system?
Within hours of Friday's confidence vote, the United States officially asked the new Czech government to host part of its planned missile defence system. Prime Minister Topolanek supports the proposed radar base - but will the Czech parliament approve?
Prime Minister Mirek Topolanek supports the base, saying it would turn the Czech Republic into an "oasis of security". His Civic Democrats control the Senate, meaning the proposal should have a calm passage through the upper house.
As for Czech public opinion, a poll carried out for the Foreign Ministry in December suggested two-thirds would be against a missile interceptor base. But it indicated 60 percent would agree with just a radar.
Will the public have a say in the matter? Not likely. Mr Topolanek has ruled out a referendum; he said a question of such strategic importance should be decided by experts.
Russia has protested against Washington's plan. A senior security official said possible Czech approval would "not pass without consequences".