Trabi Museum in Prague highlights the heyday of the communist-era plastic car
Last Saturday Trabant fans from around the country descended on Prague’s Motol district, in the western suburbs of the city, for the opening of the one-and-only Trabant Museum in the Czech Republic. The small two-cylinder vehicle born in communist East-Germany as an affordable car for the masses was neither affordable, nor easily accessible, but somehow or other the smoke-belching, sluggish Trabi has won many people’s hearts and still has fan clubs around the world.
“It is really a very simple car. The motor is cooled by air so there are no problems with cooling and it is simple enough for drivers to be able to fix by themselves. The only problem is with rust because of its metal frame. If you leave it standing outside for years it will corrode. But if you care for it and give it a bit of maintenance it is practically an indestructible vehicle.”
“It is really a very simple car, but if you care for it and give it a bit of maintenance it is practically an indestructible vehicle.”
While it has a metal frame, the body is made of something called Duroplast –a form of hardened plastic made of cotton waste from Russia and resins from the East German dye industry. Although this has evoked comparisons with an amusement park bumper car, surprisingly the Trabi has done well in crash tests, actually proving superior to some modern small hatchbacks. Between 1957 and 1991 the Trabi plant at Zwickau produced 3.7 million vehicles. Today there are still close to 60,000 Trabis in use in Germany and over 21,000 of them whizzing along Czech roads at a maximum speed of 100km per hour. They are usually hard to miss since their owners invest considerable time and money into tuning and “personalizing” them.
I asked Martin Hucl what sparked his interest in the Trabi.
Martin Hucl has several Trabis in his collection and he acquired a few more in order to open the Trabi Museum at Motol. There are seven Trabis inside, and several more outside, all painted in bright colours, some of them still wearing their “racing coats” from the heyday of Trabi rallies. In one glass case Martin Hucl has displayed his mum’s trophies and even the shoes she used to wear to races. In the late 60s and early 70s Helena Huclova turned heads – there weren’t many female race drivers in communist Czechoslovakia. The collection of Trabis includes a bright pink racing car with only one seat in front which last took to the road –or rather to the race track - in 1990.
One section is devoted to Trabi holidays and a Trabi trailer. The trailer is chock full of the items that people would take on a camping trip around the country, tin cans, biscuits, drinks and sports gear dating back to the 60s and 70s. The trailer itself is unique having been constructed from the back of an old Trabi. Martin Hucl explains:
This is not to say that used Trabis came cheap – in fact a used Trabi in good shape was often more expensive than a brand new one –for a very simple reason. A used Trabi could be acquired without a long wait. Martin Hucl again:
“In East Germany people waited ten to fifteen years for a Trabant, in Czechoslovakia it was three to five years. But before that people often waited in line all night in order to register to buy the vehicle. As for the price I remember it cost 25 thousand crowns at a time when the average pay was around 1,000 so it meant saving up for more than a year.”
“In Czechoslovakia it took three to five years to get a Trabi, and people often waited in line all night in order to register to buy one.”
One of the Trabis exhibited is actually an open cabin allowing people to get behind the wheel to get the feel of what it was like to drive a Trabi – and change gear with the gear stick placed close to the wheel –where today one would find the windshield wipers control. There is a wall painting of a Trabi on Charles Bridge and another that is a copy of a part of the Berlin Wall. The Trabi in front of it is open and an invitation for visitors to take a picture that will look like it was made in front of the Berlin Wall.
Another popular exposition is the one featuring a dark green military Trabi.
“The military Trabi was made for the army and was used largely by border patrol guards. It is made like a cabriolet and it has the same motor as the classic Trabi, goes at the same speed, no special tuning or greater durability in difficult terrain – there is just one exception – the back is reinforced, it is metal-plated, there is less Duroplast –and the general impression is that of a cabriolet.”