The royal town of Písek
A well-known 19th century student song sings about Putimská brána - one of the three historic gates in the town walls around Písek. Only a remnant of the gate is preserved to this day and the town has long expanded beyond its medieval defensive walls.
Edita Kučerová from the town hall's department of tourism and foreign relations.
Founded by a royal decree in the 13th century on the gold bearing Otava River, in the midst of game-rich forests, the town soon became a favourite with medieval Czech kings, Přemysl Otakar II, Charles IV and his son Wenceslas IV.
"The history goes back to the 13th century when the town was established by the Czech kings. They actually did it because there were important trade routes going along the river and also people in those days washed sand from the river to get gold. And this was so important that the Czech kings decided to establish a town here and call it Písek which means 'sand'."
Písek was such an important crossroads in those days that it had a stone bridge built in the 13th century. Over 100 metres long and 6.5 metres wide, it is the oldest standing bridge in the country.
The historic town centre is located on the right bank of the Otava on a hill just above the bridge. The town's other landmark, a tall white church tower standing on the hill, is therefore visible from afar. Edita Kučerová again.
Písek has traditionally been known as a student town, it always had more schools than is usual for a town of its size. It is true to this day.
"Písek is called 'the town of students and pensioners' because for more than a hundred years, we have had many schools and also in the summer many visitors came. Especially in the old days the elderly people used to spend the summer here and had a very nice life here. In the old days from autumn until spring the students were here in the flats. Then they left for home and the pensioners came.
Písek is also the centre of the Prácheň region, an administrative unit which no longer exists. But you can visit a museum dedicated to the region on Písek's main square.
"Last year the museum even opened a newly renovated exposition, which is a house of Adolf Heyduk, an important Czech poet. So besides this castle they also have a house where this poet used to live. You can go and see the flat of this poet from the beginning of the 20th century."
Most of the historic town centre has been beautifully renovated and Písek is now concentrating on its industrial heritage.
"Písek always used to have only light industry which is good for the town, it is good for the tourists. In the town centre you can find the old buildings of some kind of industry if we want to call it like this. There is a malting house which was part of a brewery. This brewery is undergoing renovation right now. It should be finished next year, in 2008, and we expect a centre of illustration to be there and many more different activities. But all for culture, so it's not going to be for any industrial use.
"And of course, the old power station is a very important site for the tourists here. It is a building on the Otava River which used to be a mill. Later on, at the end of the 19th century, the town of Písek established there the first water power station. Písek claims to be the first town in Bohemia to have public electric lighting. And what is interesting about this building and its equipment is that it's still working, so you can go inside and see the machines more than 100 years old still working, in a very good condition, of course, after renovation. There is also a small museum of the lighting of the town."
The Otava River has been a source of wealth for the town, be it its gold bearing sand or its hydro-electric power. But is has also proved a disastrous element several times in history. Most recently it was five years ago when pictures of the raging river covering all but the heads of the sculptures on the bridge made the front pages.
"In 2002 the situation was really bad. In August, there was there was a lot of water coming from the Bohemian Forest where the Otava River comes from. There were two points of culmination of the water and I think on the 12th or 13th of August the situation was the worst. The water was really high, some ten metres above its normal level, so even the old bridge was completely covered underwater. We could only see the sculptures on the bridge and people were very afraid. They didn't know if the bridge would survive or not.
"We have a very large area of forest which belongs to the town of Písek. Písek is the second richest town in forest property in the Czech Republic. The forest stretches some 20-30 kilometres outside the town. For tourists it is very nice that not many cars go through there, car traffic is limited there. It is good for walking and especially for cycling. Not far from the town there is a viewing tower called Jarník. It takes some 1-1.5 hours to walk from the town centre to reach this tower. There is no entry fee, you can climb it and have a very nice view of the town and even of the Bohemian Forest."
The episode featured today was first broadcast on October 3, 2007