Prague's Astronomical Clock threatened by salt

The Orloj, or Astronomical clock, on the Old Town Square is one of Prague's major tourist attractions. Every hour, the square fills with tourists who watch two small windows on the clock tower, waiting for the regular procession of apostles. Recently, however, the walls of the clock tower have grown increasingly damp and conservationists fear that dust from the moist plaster might cause mechanical problems for the ancient clockwork.

In the long history of the Astronomical Clock, which dates back to the 15th century, it is the first time it is facing a problem with dampness. This week, conservationists took plaster samples from the tower and sent them to the laboratory for chemical analysis. The results are somewhat surprising:

The walls of the Old Town Hall are contaminated by salt, conservationist Ondrej Sefcu of the National Heritage Institute told the Czech TV. He explained the salt drew water and therefore functioned as a major cause of dampness.

The question remains, how did salt get into the Old Town Hall's clock tower in the first place? Experts say there are two reasons: one is the increasing use of salt on icy pavements in the winter. Another reason is old sewage under the Old Town Hall, which has been there since it was built some 600 years ago, when Prague didn't have a proper sewage system.

But salt is not the only problem behind increased humidity. Conservationists say improper cement plaster on the walls of the tower is also to blame. According to Ondrej Sefcu, the first step in the reconstruction is to remove the cement plaster on the walls. The plaster creates a sort of hermetic layer on the walls and doesn't allow them to breathe.

The astronomical clock at Prague Town Hall
Other measures to prevent further contamination are yet to be discussed. But Prague Town Hall has already suggested the square and the nearby streets should not be salted in winter.

Ludvik Hainz, whose family has been looking after the clock for almost 150 years, checks the clock regularly every single week. He says the problem is not as serious as it seems:

"It's very important to realise that the astronomical clock is a machine from the 15th century. The system of astronomical clock is very old and technically primitive. Everybody knows very well that an old car has more malfunctions than a modern one. The same is valid for clocks. Technical equipment from the 15th century has more malfunctions than a modern clock."